Brig. William Henry Scott CMG DSO

M, b. 11 April 1881, d. 21 September 1960

William Henry Scott
FatherWilliam Henry Scott b. 1839, d. 1919
MotherMarion Louisa Balfour Wilson b. 23 Nov 1841, d. 20 Oct 1924
Last Edited28 Nov 2017
     Brig. William Henry Scott CMG DSO was born on 11 April 1881 at Oamaru, New ZealandG. William Henry Scott (1881-1960), soldier and civil engineer, was born on 11 April 1881 at Oamaru, New Zealand, son of William Henry Scott, civil engineer from Scotland, and his English wife Marion Louisa Balfour, née Wilson. Young William began his education at Greymouth; after the family moved to Victoria in 1890 he went to schools at Casterton and Melbourne and then attended Dookie Agricultural College where he was a gold medallist. Qualifying as a civil engineer, he worked in and around Wangaratta. On 26 June 1912 at Brighton he married Rosamond Maplesden Carter (d.1940); they had seven children.

Beginning an involvement in the militia when he joined the Victorian Mounted Rifles at about 19, Scott was commissioned in 1903, promoted captain in the 11th Light Horse in 1907 and six years later joined the 58th Infantry (Essendon Rifles). He enlisted in the Australian Imperial Force in November 1914 and was appointed captain in the 9th Light Horse Regiment. The 9th landed under shrapnel fire at Gallipoli on 21 May 1915. In June Scott was promoted major; on 29 August, following the death of the 9th's commanding officer at Hill 60, he took command but on 6 September was evacuated to England with dysentery.

On 1 January 1916 Scott rejoined the unit in Egypt and held temporary command during February and March. He was then ordered to lead a column against a Turkish force that was well-sinking at Jifjafa. Setting out on 11 April, Scott attacked on the 13th. The operation was a complete success, resulting in the death or capture of all but two of the Turks. Scott was awarded the Distinguished Service Order for the action which was the first time the light horse had fought as mounted troops.

Scott was given command of the 9th on 11 June and his rank of lieutenant-colonel was confirmed in September. He played a notable role at Romani in August. The 1st battle of Gaza began on 26 March 1917 and the 9th L.H.R., after helping to oppose Turkish reinforcements sent from Huj, acted as rearguard during the retirement to the Wadi Ghuzze. On 19 April 2nd Gaza was fought, again unsuccessfully. Scott was wounded by shell-fire during the battle and evacuated, but for his work during the Gaza operations was appointed C.M.G.

After a month's convalescence Scott returned to duty. However, on 28 May he was again wounded by machine-gun fire near Shellal. He returned from hospital in early July and from late October to December the 9th participated in the Beersheba-Jerusalem operations.

The allies' great offensive was launched in September 1918 and Damascus was soon captured. On 2 October, at Kubbett I Asafir, Scott's regiment made a dash to cut off a retreating enemy column. About 1500 Turks were captured. This last light horse engagement of the war earned Scott a Bar to his D.S.O. He had also been mentioned in dispatches several times. After briefly commanding the 3rd Light Horse Brigade and helping to quell the Egyptian rebellion in early 1919, he returned to Melbourne in August.

Scott resumed civil engineering and worked for Preston City Council from about 1926 to 1932. He then became engineer to the Shire of Bass for twenty-seven years. In 1919-31 he also commanded various militia light horse formations and rose to brigadier in 1929. In November 1928 he had been appointed aide-de-camp to the governor-general, Lord Stonehaven; he subsequently served Lord Somers and then Sir Isaac Isaacs until October 1932. During World War II Scott again saw army service in a lines-of-communication posting.

Scott contributed items to the Bulletin (under the pseudonym of 'Nugget', an ironic nickname considering his great height), was an honorary life member of Melbourne's Naval and Military Club and devoted much time to his family. On 3 May 1947, at Scots Church, Melbourne, he married a journalist, Susan Eleanor Isobel Langlands.

When he retired from Bass Shire in 1959, Scott was reportedly the oldest practising civil engineer in Victoria. On 21 September 1960 he died at his East Malvern home and was cremated. His wife, and five daughters and a son of his first marriage, survived him.
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Citation details

Higgins, Matthew, 'Scott, William Henry (1881–1960)', Australian Dictionary of Biography, National Centre of Biography, Australian National University, http://adb.anu.edu.au/biography/scott-william-henry-8372/text14693, accessed 11 May 2012.

This article was first published in hardcopy in Australian Dictionary of Biography, Volume 11, (MUP), 1988.
He married Rosamond Maplesden Carter on 26 June 1912 at Middle Brighton, VictoriaG.
From "The Argus" , July 3 1912, page 9:
"SCOTT-CARTER. —On the 26th June, at St. Andrew's, Middle Brighton, by the Rev. E. A. Crawford, William Henry, second son of Mr. and Mrs. W. H. Scott, Elsternwick, late Casterton, to Rosamond Maplesden, youngest daughter of Mrs. Carter, Claremont, Middle Brighton, and the late W. J. Carter, Tarrington Station, Hamilton.". They had 7 children. Brig. William Henry Scott CMG DSO began military service on 11 November 1914. Major William Henry Scott of the 9th Light Horse Regiment is recommended to receive the Distinguished Service Order.
William was awarded his "CMG" in the New Years Honors list of 1918. At this time he had the rank of Lieutenant-Colonel.

From "The Argus":
"NEW YEAR HONORS.
AUSTRALIANS IN THE LIST
RECOGNITION OF WAR SERVICES.
(Reuter's Message.)
London, Tuesday.
An extensive list of New Year honors includes the following:
Companions of St. Michael and St. George (C.M.G.)-Australian: Major General C. B. White. Colonel G. W. Barber. Colonel T. A. Blamey, Colonel C. F. Cox, Colonel W. A. Coxen, Colonel R. M. Downes, Colonel W. R. McNicol, Colonel R. Smith. Lieutenant-colonel H. E. Cohen, Lieutenant-colonel E. A. Kendall, Lieutenant-colonel A. Leane. Lieutenant-colonel E. F. Martin, Lieutenant-colonel A. M. Martyn, Lieutenant-colonel C. G. Miles. Lieutenant-colonel A. W. Ralston, Lieutenant-colonel W. H. Scott, Lieutenant-colonel G. C. Somerville, Lieutenant-colonel W. H. Tunbridge, Lieutenant-colonel A. T. White, Lieutenant-colonel C. T. Griffiths; and Lieutenant-colonel N. Falla, of New Zealand." From "the Argus", Page 8:
"A Relic of Waterloo

Although we remember the anniversary of Trafalgar with pomp and ceremony at Flinders Naval Depot, we are apt to forget that Sunday was the anniversary of Waterloo. That is, we recall the pride of Nelson but do not remember the glory of the Iron Duke.

On the eve of Waterloo Brigadier W. H. Scott, C.M.G., D.S.O. and Bar, shire engineer of Bass, in the county of Mornington, came down to an Engineers' celebration of the historic battle at the Engineers' Depot in Batman avenue. Engineers do not forget!

He took with him a curious and priceless relic, the theodolite that surveyed the field of battle, handed down since 1815 from his ancestor, who was a captain of Royal Horse Artillery under the Duke of Wellington."

Brig. William Henry Scott CMG DSO died on 21 September 1960 at East Malvern, MelbourneG, at age 79.
A court case ensured over the Estate of Brig. Scott to retrieve and redistribute his Estate. Details available from the Public Records Office Victoria.

Family

Rosamond Maplesden Carter b. 9 Sep 1889, d. 5 Jan 1940
Children

Marion Louisa Balfour Wilson

F, b. 23 November 1841, d. 20 October 1924
Last Edited11 May 2012
     Her married name was Scott. Marion Louisa Balfour Wilson was born on 23 November 1841 at Portsmouth, Hampshire, EnglandG.
Marion Louisa Balfour Wilson married William Henry Scott, son of Alexander Scott and Forbes Dumbreck.
Marion Louisa Balfour Wilson died on 20 October 1924 at Melbourne, AustraliaG, at age 82.

Family

William Henry Scott b. 1839, d. 1919
Child

Sarah Louisa Cairns

F, b. 19 December 1816
FatherJohn Cairns
MotherKatharine Mc Konach
ChartsCairns, John - Descendant Chart (Indented)
Last Edited25 Oct 2000
     Sarah Louisa Cairns was christened on 19 December 1816 at Birse, Aberdeenshire, ScotlandG.

Catharine Cairns

F, b. 2 June 1819
FatherJohn Cairns
MotherKatharine Mc Konach
ChartsCairns, John - Descendant Chart (Indented)
Last Edited25 Oct 2000
     Catharine Cairns was christened on 2 June 1819 at Birse, Aberdeenshire, ScotlandG.

David Smith

M, b. 1866, d. 23 April 1941
FatherJames (Jas) Smith b. c 1828, d. 21 Oct 1915
MotherMary Waddell b. 26 Nov 1830, d. 27 Apr 1901
Last Edited2 Apr 2000
     David Smith was buried at North Albury Cemetery, New South WalesG. He was born in 1866 at Oxley, Victoria, AustraliaG.
David Smith married Hannah McInnes, daughter of John McInnes and Elizabeth Gillespie, on 7 March 1900 at Albury Pesbyterian Church, Albury, NSWG.
David Smith died on 23 April 1941 at Albury, NSWG.

Family

Hannah McInnes b. 1875, d. 30 Jul 1964
Children

Hannah McInnes

F, b. 1875, d. 30 July 1964
FatherJohn McInnes b. c 1839, d. 14 Oct 1916
MotherElizabeth Gillespie b. c 1841, d. 1889
Last Edited5 Apr 1999
     Hannah McInnes was buried at North Albury Cemetery, New South WalesG. She was born in 1875 at Oxley, Victoria, AustraliaG.
Hannah McInnes married David Smith, son of James (Jas) Smith and Mary Waddell, on 7 March 1900 at Albury Pesbyterian Church, Albury, NSWG.
Hannah McInnes died on 30 July 1964 at Albury, NSWG.

Family

David Smith b. 1866, d. 23 Apr 1941
Children

Elizabeth Smith

F, b. 12 November 1850, d. 1925
FatherJames (Jas) Smith b. c 1828, d. 21 Oct 1915
MotherMary Waddell b. 26 Nov 1830, d. 27 Apr 1901
Last Edited27 Feb 2000
     Elizabeth Smith was born on 12 November 1850 at Gorbals LKS SCT. She was christened on 22 December 1850 at Gorbals LLKS SCT.
Elizabeth Smith married Thomas Wilson in 1869.
Elizabeth Smith died in 1925 at Wangarratta, VictoriaG.

Family

Thomas Wilson d. 10 Sep 1901
Children

Robert Irvine (Bob) Smith

M
FatherDavid Smith b. 1866, d. 23 Apr 1941
MotherHannah McInnes b. 1875, d. 30 Jul 1964
Last Edited27 Oct 2000

James Howard (Jim) Smith

M
FatherDavid Smith b. 1866, d. 23 Apr 1941
MotherHannah McInnes b. 1875, d. 30 Jul 1964
Last Edited27 Oct 2000

James (Jas) Smith

M, b. circa 1828, d. 21 October 1915
Last Edited14 Sep 2012
     James (Jas) Smith was buried at Milawa Cemetery, Milawa, VictoriaG. He was born circa 1828 at ScotlandG.
James (Jas) Smith married Mary Waddell, daughter of John (Jno) Waddell and Elizabeth (Eliza) Stewart, on 29 October 1850 at United Presbytian Church, Cambridge Street, Glasgow, ScotlandG.
James (Jas) Smith died on 21 October 1915 at Milawa, VictoriaG.

Family

Mary Waddell b. 26 Nov 1830, d. 27 Apr 1901
Children

Mary Waddell

F, b. 26 November 1830, d. 27 April 1901
FatherJohn (Jno) Waddell
MotherElizabeth (Eliza) Stewart
Last Edited27 Feb 2000
     Mary Waddell was born on 26 November 1830 at Glasgow LKS SCT.
Mary Waddell married James (Jas) Smith on 29 October 1850 at United Presbytian Church, Cambridge Street, Glasgow, ScotlandG.
Mary Waddell died on 27 April 1901 at Oxley, Victoria, AustraliaG, at age 70. She was buried on 29 April 1901 at Milawa Cemetery, Milawa, VictoriaG.

Family

James (Jas) Smith b. c 1828, d. 21 Oct 1915
Children

John Smith

M, b. 28 August 1860, d. 1932
FatherJames (Jas) Smith b. c 1828, d. 21 Oct 1915
MotherMary Waddell b. 26 Nov 1830, d. 27 Apr 1901
Last Edited26 Aug 2000
     John Smith married Emily Lewis Edwards, daughter of William Langdon Edwards and Emily Sarah Lewis, 1884 M6526 at Beechworth, VictoriaG. John Smith was born on 28 August 1860 at Wooragee, VictoriaG.
John Smith married Florence Matilda Oliver, daughter of Alexander James Oliver and Mary A (?), in 1900 at Wooragee, VictoriaG.
John Smith died in 1932 at Tarrawingee, VictoriaG.

Family 1

Emily Lewis Edwards b. 1858, d. 19 Feb 1900
Children

Family 2

Florence Matilda Oliver b. 1885, d. 19 Oct 1972
Children

Jane (Jeanie) Smith

F, b. 22 February 1852, d. 1891
FatherJames (Jas) Smith b. c 1828, d. 21 Oct 1915
MotherMary Waddell b. 26 Nov 1830, d. 27 Apr 1901
Last Edited28 Feb 2000
     Jane (Jeanie) Smith was born on 22 February 1852 at Gorbals LKS SCT.
Jane (Jeanie) Smith married George Welsh Ferguson, son of Hugh Ferguson and Jane Welsh, in 1872.
Jane (Jeanie) Smith died in 1891 at Milawa, VictoriaG.

Family

George Welsh Ferguson b. c 1840, d. 1891
Children

Mary (Polly) Smith

F, b. 5 July 1856, d. 1941
FatherJames (Jas) Smith b. c 1828, d. 21 Oct 1915
MotherMary Waddell b. 26 Nov 1830, d. 27 Apr 1901
Last Edited12 Jun 2000
     Mary (Polly) Smith married Colin Gardner, son of John Matthew Gardner and Isabella Laing, 31 Oct 1883 M6201. Mary (Polly) Smith was buried at Milawa, VictoriaG. She was born on 5 July 1856 at Cambells, Castlemaine, VictoriaG.
Mary (Polly) Smith died in 1941 at Milawa, VictoriaG.

Family

Colin Gardner b. 1835, d. 12 Feb 1921
Children

Helen Smith

F, b. 1863, d. 1931
FatherJames (Jas) Smith b. c 1828, d. 21 Oct 1915
MotherMary Waddell b. 26 Nov 1830, d. 27 Apr 1901
Last Edited13 Apr 1999
     Helen Smith was born in 1863 at Wooragee, VictoriaG.
Helen Smith married Thos Kerr, son of Jno Lowder Kerr and Margaret Ferguson, on 26 October 1892 at St Andrew's Presbyterian Church, Milawa, VictoriaG.
Helen Smith died in 1931 at Wangarratta, VictoriaG.

Family

Thos Kerr b. c 1860, d. 1900 D10387

Unnamed Smith

M, b. 1866, d. 1866
FatherJames (Jas) Smith b. c 1828, d. 21 Oct 1915
MotherMary Waddell b. 26 Nov 1830, d. 27 Apr 1901
Last Edited16 Mar 1999
     Unnamed Smith died in 1866 at Oxley, Victoria, AustraliaG. He was born in 1866 at Oxley, Victoria, AustraliaG.